OTP Weekly Briefing Issue #97: International Community Discusses Efforts To Address Threat Posed By LRA; Prosecution Appeals Judges’ Decision On The Conditions For A Former OTP Lawyer To Join Defence Team

OTP Weekly Briefing Issue #97: International Community Discusses Efforts To Address Threat Posed By LRA; Prosecution Appeals Judges’ Decision On The Conditions For A Former OTP Lawyer To Join Defence Team

OTP Weekly Briefing_20-25 July 2011 #97

ICTJ In Focus July 2011 Issue 4

ICTJ in Focus July 2011 Issue 4


By Adom M. Cooper
Impunity Watch Reporter, Middle East

DAMASCUS, Syria–The volatile situation in Syria has shown absolutely no signs of cooling down, as at least 11 individuals have been killed when military forces backed by tanks stormed a small town of Kanaker near the capital of Damascus.

Protesters in the streets of Damascus. (Photo Courtesy of Reuters)
Protesters in the streets of Damascus. (Photo Courtesy of Reuters)

The Syrian Observatory, based in Britain, reported that four tanks and a bulldozer entered Kanaker on 27 July 2011, while 14 other tanks surrounded the town. The raid on the city took place after electricity and phones lines were cut off in the area. This activity is merely the latest swing in the crackdown on protests against President Bashar al-Assad. Residents threw stones and set fire to tires of vehicles in an attempt to stall the advance of troops.

Rami Adubl-Rahman, a correspondent for the Syrian Observatory, reported this recollection of the raid to CNN:

“At 3AM Wednesday, Syrian security forces and army soldiers stormed Kanaker amid heavy gunfire. Some residents threw rocks at the tanks and burned their tires as many chanted ‘Allah is the Greatest’ in the west part of the town where seven tanks took positions there.”

Kanaker is located 30 kilometers (approximately 18.64 miles) southwest of Damascus.

The Syrian National Organization for Human Rights reported that military intelligence agents arrested some 300 individuals in Kanaker and took them away in 11 buses. Ammar Qurabi, a key opposition figure, leads this group.

The restriction on international journalists in Syria has made it increasingly difficult to verify the accuracy of reports given by the various human rights groups active in the country.

This recent crackdown appeared to come as a result of two organizations in France threatening to file legal complaints against President al-Assad and other members of the ruling Baath party. The two organizations, Sherpa and Transparency International France, said on 26 July 2011 that they wish the French government to make all of its findings public. They are primarily concerned with discovering if al-Assad and members of his party own any assets in France.

“The object is get an investigation open that would then identify assets that they may own in France either in their own name or through intermediaries and then to freeze them so they are not transferred to uncooperative jurisdictions.”

According to various human rights groups, more than 1,600 civilians have lost their lives and some 20,000 others imprisoned by Syrian security forces in the countrywide crackdown on the protests since March.

But these numbers are not lowering the spirits of the activists and protesters in the least. Moaz Al Sibaai, the coordinator for the Syrian activists’ network, reported to CNN that the opposition is always working to find ways to improve its work. He specifically highlighted improving communication with the media, developing secure telecommunications that cannot be hacked or tracked, and teaching how to lobby against the regime by documenting human rights violations.

“The harsher the regime is with its crackdown, the more creative we become in finding ways to cover the revolution.”

For more information, please see:

Al-Jazeera-Syrian troops in ‘deadly crackdown’-27 July 2011

BBC-Syrian forces kill eight in Kanaker raid: rights groups-27 July 2011

CNN-Activists: 8 slain in Syrian protest-27 July 2011

The Guardian-Syrian protesters ‘forcibly disappeared’ at rate of one every hour, say activists-28 July 2011


By Tamara Alfred
Impunity Watch Reporter, Africa

The United States announced Tuesday that it is withholding some of its assistance to Malawi after claims that the government used force against protesters during demonstrations last week.

After months of growing economic struggles, Malawi erupted into protests last week.  Rioters took to the streets nationwide July 20 to protest the perceived mismanagement of the national economy and an impending fuel shortage.  The protesters also stormed the offices of the ruling Democratic Progressive Party in Mzuzu and demanded that the president step down.  Various sources report that between 12 and 19 people were killed and dozens injured.

Men carry the coffin of a protester shot dead during demonstrations in Lilongwe, Malawi on July 22.  (Photo Courtesy of CNN.)
Men carry the coffin of a protester shot dead during demonstrations in Lilongwe, Malawi on July 22. (Photo Courtesy of CNN.)

The U.S. government agency providing development aid to countries, including Malawi, that show a commitment to good governance, the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), announced it was halting $350 million in operations going to Malawi.  The announcement follows the State Department’s statement condemning the Malawi government’s use of force against demonstrators and urging restraint by both sides.  MCC’s move also echoes the United Kingdom’s suspension of aid to the country as of July 14 on the grounds that the government had suppressed demonstrations and intimidated civic groups.

Malawi is one of the poorest countries in the world and its president, Bingu wa Mutharika, 77, a former World Bank economist, had been widely credited with successful efforts to reduce hunger.  However, human rights activists have begun to criticize his increasingly authoritarian tendencies, reminiscent of Hastings Kamuzu Banda, the dictator who ruled the country for 40 years until 1994.

Sheila Herrling, a senior U.S. official, said Tuesday that the MCC was “deeply disturbed” by accusations that the police had fired live rounds on unarmed people and by claims that press coverage of the two-day demonstrations had been suppressed.

President Mutharika has rejected accusations that the police force under his command used excessive force against demonstrators and blamed the violence on his political opponents and the civic leaders who organized the protests.  His spokesman, Hetherwick Ntaba, said the police had to deal with looters, vandals and rioters.  Peaceful demonstrators were protected, not harmed, he said.

The government’s critics, however, say they are afraid.  Undule Mwakasungula, who organized the protests, said he had gone into hiding since the president named him as one to blame.

“We are being hunted so we can’t expose ourselves,” he told The New York Times.  “We’re a target of ruling party agents.”

The president has sworn in official statements to “smoke out” anyone who opposes him.  In a recent public statement to the Associated Press, Mutharika said that the protest leaders are “thugs and sons of Satan.”

The decision by both the U.S. and the United Kingdom will seriously injure the Malawi government’s budget, as almost of half of the annual budget of $2 billion comes from international donors.

For more information, please see:

CNN – U.S. suspends some aid to Malawi over violence – 27 July 2011

The New York Times – U.S. Freezes Grant to Malawi Over Handling of Protests – 26 July 2011

Time – From Malawi to Senegal, Signs of a Sub-Saharan ‘Arab Spring’ – 26 July 2011