Approximately 2200 Japanese orphans who were abandoned in China following Japan’s defeat in World War II have agreed to accept a proposal from the government. In the agreement, the government would provide more aid to the war orphans after dropping their compensation lawsuits. The proposal comes in response to suits filed by the 2200 orphans.
The lawsuit accused the Japanese government of failing to adequately support them when they returned to Japan. Many of the orphans are now sick and elderly, while struggling to survive because they cannot speak fluent Japanese.
Under the proposal on new livelihood support measures, the war orphans will receive a monthly pension payment of $535, an increase from the $178 they now receive. Additionally, they will receive a special subsidy in place of welfare benefits, and the government will help cover their housing, medical, and nursing care. In the proposal, the orphans will abandon their lawsuits against the government.
Thousands of Japanese children were abandoned in China by their parents as former Soviet troops closed in at the end of the war in 1945. Many were adopted by the Chinese and were too young to remember their Japanese names or their biological parents.
In 1972, approximately 6300 people, including 2500 war orphans, returned to Japan after Tokyo normalized ties with Beijing.
For more information, please see: