Syrian Revolution Digest – Sunday 15 July 2012



No Mincing Words: It’s Ethnic Cleansing!

It’s a massacre. No, it’s a firefight. They used helicopter gunships. No, they didn’t… But the real story is simple and the patterns are clear: it’s ethnic cleansing and it’s taking place over a wide swath of territory in central Syria. Tanks, heavy artillery and helicopter gunships are being used, while the intended victims have only light weapons and limited munitions at their disposal as they try to resist. But for those who still doubt that it’s all about ethnic cleansing. Perhaps this report and the attached map produced by BBC mapping the major instances of violence since the beginning of the Revolution can help change their perspective. Even the Arab League chief now agrees that ethnic cleansing is taking place in Syria.   

Sunday July 15, 2012

Today’s Death toll:  81. The Breakdown: 18 in Damascus, 16 in Homs, 15 in Deir Ezzor, 10 in Aleppo, 7 in Idilb, 5 in Daraa, 3 in Hama, 3 IN Hassakeh, 1 in Suweida and 1 in Quneitrah.


New Account of Syria Killings New evidence on last week’s killings in a village in central Syria suggests the bloodshed followed a raid by government forces to arrest male rebels, rather than a deliberate massacre of around 200 civilians as some Syrian opposition leaders and their Western allies first reported.

Syrian townspeople describe government shelling Residents of Treimseh tell U.N. investigators that their town was shelled and suspected rebels were apparently executed, contradicting the official account.

Syria crisis: What happened in Tremseh? • UN: evidence points to battle between fighters and troops • Locals: Troops “shot at anything moving” • Government: No heavy weaponry was used • Red Cross: This is now a civil war

Op-Eds & Special Reports

Comment: If anyone still doubts that ethnic cleansing is taking place in Syria, check out this report by BBC and the map included showing patterns of the major incidents that took place since the beginning of the revolution: Syria: The violence mapped

If people are fighting back to defend themselves, then it’s a firefight not a massacre and the victims will have brought it upon themselves by bringing light weapons to a showdown featuring tanks, heavy artillery and helicopter gunships.

If people fight back, then it’s a civil war. But if they don’t fight back, then they will likely be killed, in which case they can have the world’s sympathy and retain the moral high ground.

I say: the moral high ground be damned! Fight back.

Video Highlights

Rastan, Homs Province: A family is trapped under the rubble of their home, 5 children die Meanwhile, another member of the Tlass family, Bashar Tlass, a major from the 4th Division, announces his defection But the pounding continues , From the sky

Salqeen, Idlib Province: local resistance use a car bomb to blow up a checkpoint from which tanks keep pounding their town Elsewhere in town, the resistance destroy a tank and clash with loyalist militias resistance patrol the streets of the city Rescuing wounded But other parts of town still come until sporadic pounding

Tanks laying siege to Treimseh, Hama, as UN monitors pay another visit

Old Homs: some snipers are revolutionaries, and their targets are pro-Assad troops patrolling the relics that used to be their neighborhoods It’s this kind of incidents that make the situation in Syria a civil war, and that calls for launching a major peacekeeping operation.

A video from the battle in Damascus City: Tadamon after, the battle intensifies as the tanks move in an the suburb is pounded The pounding leaves several buildings on fire Black smoke could be seen rising above the neighborhood from downtown Damascus ,

People in nearby Daf Al-Shawk come under fire when they rally in support of Tadamon Clashes last until the evening Qadam, locals clash with pro-Assad militias and burn tires in the streets  Locals in nearby Yarmouk Camp close their shops and hurry home in panic that the pounding might touch their neighborhood as well Tanks patrol the nearby suburb of Saqba

In Khalid Bin Al-Walid Street in downtown Damascus, young activists interrupted traffic by burning tires in protest of the poudnding of Tadamon

In Marei, Aleppo, local resistance tests an anti-aircraft battery that they managed to acquire after a raid on a local checkpoint Similar batteries are often used to pound the city. In fact, the city came under such pounding today

Elsewhere in Aleppo Province, the local resistance takes control of a loyalist position The clashes Firing at the checkpoint from nearby buildings ,

The pounding of Al-Akrad Mountain region in Lattakia Province, continues: Al-Ghanimah

The pounding of Al-Qusayr, Homs Province, continues The pounding of Talbisseh continues

The pounding of Old Homs continues: Jobar Jouret Al-Shayah

Daraa City continues to come under sporadic pounding ,

Elsewhere in Daraa Province, members of local resistance are training themselves In Al-Jizeh, the local resistance clash with pro-Assad militias

In Deir Ezzor City, the pounding is beginning to resemble what is taking place in Old Homs: Al-Oummal , , Rasafeh Tanks patrol and pound their way into neighborhoods

In Arba’een Neighborhood, Hama City: pro-Assad militias patrolling the neighborhood But soon the tanks is targeted by local resistance

Graffiti Activist, Muhammad Jameel Rahmah, Killed for Work Criticizing Assad

Jameel was born in 1995 in Al-Qaboun neighbourhood in Damascus. He lived in an ancient small Arabic house facing the neighborhood’s water tank.

Activist Jameel works on one of his slogans in the streets of Damascus. (Photo Courtesy of Syrian Network for Human Rights)

Jameel was the breadwinner for his family, including his mother and three younger sisters.  His father passed away in 2010, so Jameel was forced to work to meet the needs of his family.

Just like many free Syrians, Jameel called for freedom, justice and dignity.  He participated in all the demonstrations in the Al-Qaboun neighborhood in Damascus.  He contributed to the revolution by writing sings and banners that condemned despotism, injustice, corruption, and the fact that the wealthy of the country steal from the poor.  He left his job to focus solely on his activism; fully dedicating his time, efforts and strength to the revolution against injustice and aggression.

Having investigated and detected Jameel’s activities and contributions to the revolution, particularly within the media, Syrian Air Force Intelligence detained him on 22 July 2011.  He was detained for a total of 115 days.  Upon his release, he told of his experiences, including the different types and methods of torture he was subjected to at Air Force Intelligence detention facilities.   This included electricity shocks and tying him to a car tire.  There was also psychological torture such as leaving him in isolation for long periods of time, public humiliation, and denial of food and water.

Despite the varying means of torture used on him, Jameel’s activist spirit was not quelled.  He returned to doing his graffiti with even more energy and vigor than before.  His main mission, for which he was killed for, was spraying the walls of the neighborhood with graffiti that called for justice, freedom and the toppling of the regime of dictatorship and slavery.  He was clearly seen as a threat to Assad’s intelligence agencies because of his inflammatory artwork decorating walls all across the Damascus’ neighborhoods.

This video shows Jameel, writing one of his slogans.  These include phrases like: “Freedom forever whether you like it or not, Assad;” “Bashar, You Are Going to Be Ousted;” and “Syria is Free.”

On the morning of 6 July 2012, while Jameel was writing anti-regime graffiti, calling for the downfall of Assad and bringing freedom for Syria, he was killed by a gunshot from Assad’s security forces.  He died carrying the sprayer he used to call for freedom.

The body of Jameel is readied for burial and transport to the mosque.

Information and videos contained in the report provided by:

Syrian Network for Human Rights

Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies in Syria

Syrian Revolution Digest – Saturday 14 July 2012



Anything Goes!


You can dream up all sorts of legal niceties, such as the Responsibility to Protect and establish all sorts of promising bureaucracies, such as a genocide prevention office, but that means absolutely nothing if you are not willing to act. The true measure of goodness is the commitment to action not words and hollow institutions.  


Saturday July 14, 2012


Today’s Death toll: 88. The Breakdown: 20 in Homs, 24 in Damascus (22 in the Suburbs, and 2 in the City), 13 in Hama (including 5 who died in the car bombing in Mhardeh and 3 who died in the car bombing in Al-Karameh neighborhood in Hama City), 13 in Idlib, 12 in Deir Ezzor and 1 in Daraa.


Activists from Aleppo report that heavy gunfire was heard coming out of the Central Prison as rumors of an overnight riot broke.




Syria: Tremseh killings targeted rebels, UN says The government attack on the Syrian village of Tremseh mainly targeted the homes of rebels and activists, the UN mission in the country has said.


(Reuters) – The Red Cross now views fighting in Syria as an internal armed conflict – a civil war in layman’s terms – crossing a threshold experts say can help lay the ground for future prosecutions for war crimes.


Syria massacre: Assad’s forces ‘shot anything moving’ The small town of Tremseh has suffered what may be the single worst atrocity of the Syrian uprising, say eyewitnesses


Turkey PM calls Syria massacres attempted ‘genocide’ Recep Tayyip Erdogan warns Assad regime that the Syrian people will ‘make them pay’ for violence.


Op-Eds & Special Reports





Can It Get Worse in Syria? It Just Did The Tremseh massacre and the movement of chemical weapons show that the Syrian regime is on an increasingly deadly path and will not be diverted by negotiations. The situation is becoming rapidly worse, and diplomatic efforts to end the fighting will continue to fail. UN envoy Kofi Annan’s efforts are increasingly out of touch with realities on the ground, giving the regime a fig leaf of legitimacy and time in which to break the opposition. In short, this is a dangerous regime — dangerous to its people and, as the CW movement suggests, dangerous to the region. The time for talking with Bashar al-Assad has passed. It is time for ultimatums — and, if those fail, armed action to topple the regime.


Video Highlights


Palestinians from the Yarmouk Camp in Damascus City hold a major funeral for yesterday’s martyrs during which they remove all posters of hafiz Al-Assad and chant in support of protest hubs and occasionally shouting “we want our revenge from Bashar and Jibril” – Ahmad Jibril is the pro-Assad leader of a break-away faction of the PLA based in Damascus Destroying a large poster of Assad Sr. Another HD view of the rally


The growing tensions in Damascus City are underscored by the presence of patrols by pro-Assad militias using tanks and army vehicles in the streets of the city including near Abbasid Square


Indeed to the East, the pounding of the suburbs of Arbeen and Douma, among other restive communities in Eastern Ghoutah continues: Arbeen: Douma In Harasta, pro-Assad militias stormed the suburb and looted shops The injured and dead of Douma ,


More high level defections take place in Rastan, Homs Province Other high level defections took place in nearby Talbisseh High level Defections take place in Khan Shaikhoon in Idlib Province as well


But the pounding of Rastan continues ,


And the pounding of Old Homs continues: Qarabis , , Khaldiyeh 800 families are still trapped in Old Homs under complete siege, living hand to mouth.


Units affiliated with the Free Syria Army continue to take prisoners from pro-Assad troops, including high level ones (a Druze and an Alawite) low-ranking troops who serve as cannon fodder, mostly Sunnis


The situation in Deir Ezzor City


Leaked Video One of the heavy artillery positions taking part in the pounding of Deir Ezzor City


A child pulled from underneath the rubble in Deir Ezzor City His brother was not so lucky, five children from Al-Kharouf family were killed today.


Looking for bodies in the rubble of bombed out buildings in Jbeileh Neighborhood – a hazardous task considering that the pounding continues ,


FRIDAY, JULY 13, 2012


Outrage & Impotence!


Outrage will not spur the international community into action. What we really need is some in-rage.


Friday July 13, 2012 – The beginning of a week dedicated to “Toppling Annan – the Servant of Assad and Iran.”


Today’s Death toll:   80. The Breakdown: 28 in Idlib,14 in Homs, 13 in Damascus City (in the Palestinian Refugee Camp of Yarmouke), 12 in Aleppo, 5 in Daraa, 3 in Deir Ezzor, 2 in Damascus Suburbs, 2 in Hama, and 1 in Lattakia.


Syrian witnessed 738 rallies all across the country today: 140 in Hama, 138 in Aleppo and 170 in Damascus City and Suburbs.












In the wake of the reported killings in Treimseh, “the immediate popular reaction at this stage is anger towards all,” wrote Ammar Abdulhamid, a Syrian opposition activist based in the U.S. “The impotence of the opposition and continued dithering by international leaders seem unfathomable to locals after so many months of bloodshed, and so many massacres. Who can blame them?” (More Quotes in The Weekly Standard).





Op-Eds & Special Reports



Will Syria’s Conflict Spill Over into War-Weary Iraq? As the violence in Syria spirals into an increasingly bloody maelstrom, Iraq’s Foreign Minister voices his country’s fears that the chaos is spilling across the border—and that Baghdad won’t be able to contain it.


Messages from the Syrian war zone: what life is really like in Homs Late last year, on a bus to Homs, the city at the centre of the Syrian uprising, British journalist James Harkin struck up a friendship with local boy Mohammed. These are the messages he has sent from his home in the war zone



US manipulation of news from Syria is a red herring The big picture is clear. A slaughter is under way in Syria, largely carried out by government forces and militias


Moving assets or preparing for mass genocide?


There are two ways for filtering the reports on Assad’s decision to move WMDs from Damascus to Homs. One, he is preparing for their deployment in his intensifying ethnic cleansing campaign against the Sunni population in Central Syria (Homs, Hama and Idlib), and two, he is merely moving his most prized assets from areas in which he is quickly losing control to the Alawite enclave he is busy creating. The two options are not mutually exclusive of course. There is nothing to prevent Assad from doing both.



Comment: Syria will never close its doors in the face of Palestinians. The revolutionaries understand the dilemma in which the Palestinians of Syria find themselves, a dilemma that did not stop so many of them from joining the ranks of the revolution or indirectly providing aid and support to the protesters. As far as the protesters are concerned, the Palestinians of Syria are no less Syrian than any National ID carrying citizen. Once transition to a new democratic order is accomplished, should the Palestinians of Syria ever want to become full-fledged citizens in the legal sense as well,  I have no doubt that the majority of Syrians will support this.


Meanwhile, the Palestinians in the refugee camp of Yarmouke in Damascus City today showed exactly where their sympathies lie when they demonstrated in support of the people of Treimseh and were fired on by pro-Assad militias, leaving 13 people dead: , a child among the martyrs, hit with a bullet to the head


What Rebels Want!



There are major problems with this Time article beginning from the title, which contradicts with everything that resistance leaders on the ground are saying – Intel will be useful of course, but it will mean absolutely nothing if we did not have enough arms, – going into the misconception that the Free Syrian Army “hired Brian Sayers to represent their interests in Washington,” which is simply not true and Mr. Sayers himself will be the first to say so (or at least I hope so), and ending up with misconstruing Mr. Sayers’ assertion that rebels need intelligence and not only weapons.


This is what Mr. Sayers actually said:


“Everyone says, just give them a bunch of weapons. Well, rocket propelled grenades are fine but ultimately what they need is intelligence support in order to bring down the regime,” says Sayers, “because ultimately the regime has more sophisticated weaponry.


Very true! We need more than just arming the rebels, we need a more coherent strategy in which arming the rebels is only one element as we have argued in our own Six Points Plan, and as I argue here.


Some say that’s not nearly enough. “If the U.S. is only going to be a facilitator of arms flows into the country, that’s not enough to be stabilize things, to end the violence,” says Ammar Abdulhamid, a Syrian dissident who has been in exile in Washington since 2005. “In fact, it only makes things worse.” Adbulhamid wants Washington and NATO to impose a no-fly zone as they did over Libya and Iraq.


Intel sharing, and Mr. Sayers argues the case pretty well, will be not be enough if the move was not coupled with more serious support, including weapons. After all, if the purpose is to “level the playing field,” as Mr. Sayers argues, then, you have to bear in mind that Russia and Iran are not only providing the regime with Intel, they are also providing it with weapons.


The allusion in the article that the “FSA is getting plenty of arms and cash from the Qatari, Saudi Arabian and, to a lesser extent, the Emirati governments” is inaccurate at best. Weapons supplies to the local resistance remain pretty limited, and no way near meeting the demands of the local resistance.


This Reuters report, “Syria rebels get light arms, heavy weapons elusive,” explains things much more clearly:


Syrian rebels are smuggling small arms into Syria through a network of land and sea routes involving cargo ships and trucks moving through Turkey, Lebanon and Iraq, maritime intelligence and Free Syrian Army (FSA) officers say. Western and regional powers deny any suggestion they are involved in gun running. Their interest in the sensitive border region lies rather in screening to ensure powerful weapons such as surface to air missiles do not find their way to Islamist or other militants.


FSA fighters say munitions supply chains remain tenuous. In one clash last week, rebel fighters say they ran out of ammunition which forced them to retreat from one of their strongholds in the northern Idlib province.


The steady trickle of relatively unsophisticated arms making its way to forces opposing President Bashar al-Assad is being financed mainly by wealthy individuals in Saudi Arabia and Qatar, a se c urity source said, as well as from expatriate Syrian supporters. It complements supplies captured from the Syrian army or brought by defectors.


But the main problem with the Time’s article is thinking that Mr. Sayers speak for the FSA, and that his advice is synonymous with rebel demands. That’s not true. Mr. Sayers represent a lobby formed recently by Syrian-Americans and tasked with supporting the FSA, not representing the FSA. Most FSA leaders are not yet aware of the existence of the group nor of Ms. Sayers.


Mr. Sayers approach is sound. Indeed, there is nothing wrong with demanding the possible, while others, like me, push for what seems impossible. But his approach represents a support strategy and does not represent the official point of view of the FSA, whose leaders still demand a no-fly zone, as one of their most prominent representatives, Khalid Abou Salah, argued recently in the Friends of Syria Conference in Paris.


The reason why so many of us still call for a more integrated strategy for intervention that goes beyond sending weapons and sharing Intel but calls for air-strikes and deployment peacekeepers is simple: we are not just concerned with toppling the regime, we want to create a stable democratic state that respects the rights and ensures the security of all Syrians. A policy of arming without mitigation does not just risk putting weapons in the wrong hands, it forgets that often the right hands become wrong once you put weapons in them.


Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration are never easy. Considering the regional, ethnic and religious diversity in Syria, and bearing in mind the current violence and fragmentation and growing popular frustration and anger, DDR will indeed be a nightmare. I think that a strategy in which air strikes are used to target positions of heavy artillery and roving tank columns and to ground Assad’s helicopter gunships and jets will create a situation in which light weapons are more than enough to help local resistance groups secure their areas. In fact, this is exactly what happened before Assad deployed his tanks, artillery and air force. In this scenario, which also calls for rapid deployment of peacekeepers to critical areas, the risks for empowering the wrong groups and for carrying out revenge killings are substantially minimized.


Video Highlights  


Treimseh, Hama: the destruction wrought by shelling funeral procession for yesterday’s martyrs begins at the mosque The man has his throat slit–lM2aoAnother martyr was a local doctor who was killed as he treated the wounded The martyrs , The burial of 40 people The tanks that took part in pounding the city on July 12 ,


Al-Rami, Jabal Al-Zawiyeh, Idlib Province: today’s shelling leaves a number of martyrs , , The wounded Meanwhile, helicopter gunships continue their pounding of the mountainous region


Hraak, Daraa: rescuing the wounded after a local rally came under fire


Taybah, Daraa: the town is pounded by helicopter gunship is nearby Jizeh Children among the wounded


Houla, Homs: the pounding and continues killing adults and children , The continuing pounding sets the local crops on fire And the pounding never stops


Rastan, Homs: the daily pounding continues


Homs City: the pounding of Old Homs continues: Khaldiyeh Jouret Al-Shayah , , Qarabis


Eizaz. Aleppo Province: a tank column tries to storm into the city ,


This new defection by an air force pilot was inspired by the defection of the Syrian Ambassador in Iraq


Syrian Revolution Digest – Thursday 12 July 2012



Another Opportunity To Miss An Opportunity?

Judging by previous reactions, the new massacre at Treimseh will only serve to provide international leaders with another opportunity to do nothing, except to underscore the meaninglessness of existing international order, and such lofty ideals and promises as the Responsibility to Protect.

Thursday July 12, 2012

Today’s Death toll:  287. The Breakdown: 247 in Treimseh (Hama Province), 22 in Homs, 23 in Damascus (12 in Damascus City: 8 in Barzeh, 3 in Jobar, and 1 in Al-Hajar Al-Aswad; 11 in Damascus Suburbs: Sayida Zeinab, Yalda, Zamalka, Daraya), 7 in Daraa, 6 in Deir Ezzor, 56 in Idlib, 3 in Aleppo, 1 in Hassakeh.

6 officers defect in the coastal city of Tartous, including three Alawites. Meanwhile, local resistance claim to have mounted a surprise attack on the Russian naval base in the city: no major damage was reported but one of the assailants was said to have been martyred. If true, the operation is the first of its kind. Be that as it may, not all is quiet on the coastal front.


Massacre Reported in Syria as Security Council Meets Syrian opposition activists said nearly 200 people were killed in a Sunni village on Thursday by government forces using tanks and helicopters… Antigovernment activists also posted videos online claiming that Syrian forces had added unguided cluster bombs, an indiscriminate weapon designed to maximize damage and casualties, to their arsenal of attack helicopters, artillery and tanks… “These videos show identifiable cluster bombs and submunitions,” said Steve Goose, the arms division director at Human Rights Watch in a statement. “If confirmed, this would be the first documented use of these highly dangerous weapons by the Syrian armed forces during the conflict.”

Syrian army accused of attacking hundreds In what may be the worst single incident of violence in 16 months of conflict in Syria, more than 200 people are reported dead. Due to restrictions on journalists within the country, the reports cannot be verified. People in the region say they’re ‘terrified.’

Evidence exists to bring Syria war-crimes case: French diplomat France’s top human rights diplomat says ‘the raw material is there’ in the Syria conflict to refer case to the International Criminal Court at The Hague.

Sunni ‘cannon fodder’ abandon Syria’s Alawite-led military Opposition groups say increasing number of foot soldiers defecting to Turkey

Deserter Manaf Tlas ‘in touch with opposition’ Manaf Tlas, a Syrian general who fled the country last week, has been in contact with members of the opposition, France’s foreign minister has said.

Syrian regime must be ousted, says diplomat defector Nawaf al-Fares Former envoy to Iraq dismisses peace plan and calls for violent removal of president Bashar al-Assad.

Op-Eds & Special Reports

To Topple Assad, Unleash the CIA Turkey and even Iraq’s Kurds would help Syria’s rebels if the U.S. showed it is serious.

Is the Syrian Regime Using Rape as a Tactic of War? Reports suggest troops loyal to the embattled government of Syrian President Bashar Assad are carrying out a systematic campaign of rape.

The influential Syrian general who could bear Assad no more The Tlass family were once acolytes of the Assad dynasty, but as the regime crackdown targeted their fellow Sunni clansmen, they hatched a plan to flee to Paris.

Syrian ambassador’s defection boosts idea of booting Assad, keeping others The defection of two top Syrian officials, including the ambassador to Iraq, is prompting foreign policy experts to explore the idea of removing Syrian President Bashar al-Assad but keeping lower level.

In Syria: Why is Turkey reluctant to take the lead? Turks hope that peace between the two countries can be restored. But Syrian refugees hope Turkey will take a more aggressive stance.

Al-Treimseh Massacre – Hama Province:

Pro-Assad militias laid siege to the town at 5 am local time, cutting off power and communications. Then intensive shelling took place for two hours followed by a more sporadic bombardment as pro-Assad militias reportedly stormed certain neighborhoods, burned down houses after killing their occupants, then pursued those who escaped into the nearby fields where some were executed on the spot. Entire families were slaughtered. Many of the dead families were already refugees from the nearby village of Khneizeer. Local resistance was poorly armed and was unable to push back the invading pro-Assad militias. The massacre seems sectarian in character.

Treimseh lies in the middle of Sahel Al-Ghab region, the farmlands that have been reclaimed from swamps over the last few decades and where Sunni and Alawite villages lie adjacent to each other. Pro-Assad militias, composed of mostly Alawite villagers with some support from Alawite recruits from the Alawite heartland in the mountainous regions along the coast, and few Sunni recruits, have been carrying out an ethnic cleansing campaign against the local Sunni population for months now.

Syrian TV claimed that security forces clashed with the terrorists responsible for the massacre and that they have managed to arrest some of the perpetrators. Local activists say the security forces were in league with perpetrators and provided cover through the use of heavy artillery, just as they did in Houla.

The immediate popular reaction at this stage is anger towards all: the regime, its loyalists, the silent segments of the population, Russia, China, Iran Hezbollah, the Shia, the Alawites, the Americans, and other western powers, the opposition, especially the Syrian National Council and its executive office whose members were faulted and dismissed for visiting Russia. In short: everyone. The impotence of the opposition and continued dithering by international leaders seem unfathomable to locals after so many months of bloodshed, and so many massacres. Who can blame them?

Video Highlights

On the morning of July 12, 2012, tanks lay siege to the town and begin pounding the neighborhoods And the dying begins

Benefitting from a brief lull in the pounding, the inhabitants stream into the nearby fields, where many were caught and killed

On January 25, 2012, pro-Assad carried out a raid against Treimseh and looted the houses of the locals. On their way out, they were greeted and cheered on by Alawite inhabitants of nearby villages. Now, some pro-Assad websites are trying to circulate this YouTube claiming that the Treimseh people were punished by rebels because they cheered Assad’s troops But this is what the people of Treimseh were doing before the raid: rallying against Assad And this is what pro-Assad militias did to Treimseh four days after the raid Much like Houla, Treimseh has been under siege since. The people of Treimseh joined the revolution ever since July 5, 2011 as this clip with them taking their revolutionary vows shows

Treimseh was not the only Hama town to be attacked: Hayaleen was pounded was well a child was injured Karnazwas intensely targeted The village of Jlimeh was also pounded with helicopter gunships

The Damascene Neighborhood of Barzeh was pounded today in new escalation. The pounding left 8 dead and scores wounded , The nearby neighborhood of Kafar Sousseh was also pounded , A chopper overflew the neighborhood earlier the nearby neighborhood ofDaraya is also pounded from the direction of the Military Airport of Mazzeh

In Homs Province, the pounding of Houla continues , , Talbisseh was also pounded , Rastan was pounded , , , The artillery positions taking part in the pounding A helicopter gunship takes part in the pounding

The pounding of Tal Rif’aat in Aleppo leaves many dead when they were trapped under the rubble of collapsed homes Mnay neighboring communities were also pounded, including Anadan where nighttime shelling leaves many homes on fire Local resistance groups around the town of Anadan manage to destroy a tank an take its occupants prisoner

In Lattakia Province, Hiffeh District, the pounding of the last Sunni strongholds continues:Salma and the pounding continues into the night

The pounding of Deir Ezzor City continues: Jourah Takaya

In Idlib Province, the village of Al-Rami near the Turkish border continues to be pounded ,

Syrian Revolution Digest – Thursday 12 July 2012



More UN Shenanigans To Come?

The UN will have a chance to revisit the Syria situation again. Coming after so many conferences, high level talks and joint statements, a failure to produce concrete plan under Chapter VII will be unforgivable.

Wednesday July 11, 2012

Today’s Death toll: 78. The Breakdown: the killed include 5 women and 16 members of the Palestinian Liberation Army who were kidnapped two weeks ago, but their bodies were found only today. Despite their refugees status in Syria, most Palestinians are sympathetic with the Syrian revolutionary movements, and many have joined the ranks of the local resistance, in Daraa, Damascus, Homs, Aleppo and Lattakia. Elsewhere, 22 martyrs fell in Homs, 12 in Damascus Suburbs, 9 in Daraa, including three soldiers killed by loyalists as they tried to defect, 5 in Deir Ezzor, 4 in Aleppo, 4 in Idlib, 3 in Hama, 2 in Lattakia and 1 in Raqqah.


Op-Eds & Special Reports

Of course, Assad is willing to accept a ceasefire now. And of course he wants to start with the hardest hit areas. Ceasefire will give Assad’s armies a chance to regroup and reconsider their strategy. Pullout of loyalist troops from certain regions, like rural Aleppo and certain parts of Idlib, might allow Assad a face-saving solution to surrender areas that he can no longer control while appearing to cooperate with the international community.

On a more macabre level, the move could also pave the way for the use of WMDs against the local resistance – a possibility that many local activists continue to dread knowing that Assad is capable of any depravity.

But, and for the time being, Assad can enjoy the re-legitimating aspect of Annan’s new plan. After all, he is now seen as a cooperative figure, and Annan insists on equating him with the resistance by asking the UN to send a message to the regime and the opposition alike that “there will be ‘consequences’ if they don’t comply with demands for an immediate cease-fire.” But, so long as the consequences do not include military strikes, neither side will likely give a damn.

Still, it will be interesting what sort of resolution will pass soon.

Video Highlights

Activist Khalid Abou Salah continues to distinguish himself from traditional opposition figures by his political acumen and growing popular appeal. In this video clip, he calls on the Kurdish revolutionaries in the city of Kobani, and elsewhere, to pay no mind to the bickering of traditional Kurdish parties and keep standing by their Arab revolutionary compatriots until the revolution achieves its goals. By wrapping himself both in the Revolutionary and Kurdish flags, he did more than any traditional opposition figure from either side to appeal to both Arabs and Kurds Salah hails from Homs city and is a moderate Islamist in his political views. He only recently left the country and over the last few weeks, he attended a conference of pro-revolution Islamic religious scholars in Istanbul and the Friends of Syria meeting in Paris, where his address was the most clear of all.

A tank takes part in the pounding of the Damascene suburb of Zabadani , Sounds of daytime clashes in the Suburb of Saqba ,

Sounds of nighttime clashes in Al-Qadam Neighborhood in Damascus City , Clashes continue until dawn Clashes take place in the neighborhood ofDafalshawk as well and in Al-Tadamon

The maniacal pounding of Old Homs continues: Jouret Al-Shayah , , , , , , Tanks keep pounding their way through the neighborhood ofQarabis , And the neighborhood gets pounded by heavy artillery , , Khaldiyeh is pounded as well ,

The pounding of nearby Rastan is as intense , , Two children among the dead

Foreign correspondents take part in documenting the shelling of the city of Eizaz in Aleppo Province The tanks and artillery taking part in the pounding are hidden in the tree lines outside the city

The pounding of Mouhassan in Deir Ezzor Province , ,

Syrian Revolution Digest – Tuesday 10 July 2012



A Bloody Bit of History Repeating!

There is nothing about the situation in Syria: a dictator and his inner circle manipulating sectarian sentiments pitting few social groups against others, perpetrating massacres and spreading mayhem, all in order to remain in power… The reality is: we’ve seen this scenario playing out many times before. The indifference of international leaders and their confusion have always been part of the plot as well. But that’s exactly what makes this situation so tragic. The suffering is also real.

Tuesday July 10, 2012

Today’s Death toll:  71. The Breakdown: 19 in Deir Ezzor, 12 in Damascus (11 in Suburbs, 1 in City), 11 in Aleppo, 8 in Homs, 7 in Daraa, 7 in Idlib, 3 in Hama  and 1 in Lattakia.


Op-Eds & Special Reports

A country at war with itself. Bombs and civilian massacres. Yet, in Damascus, the music plays on.

Some 10,000 lives have been lost during the Syrian government’s vicious crackdown on protesters, according to the United Nations, and the violence is threatening to spread to neighboring countries.  Yet in the capital of Damascus, the music plays on for the nation’s elite. To the Christians, Alawites, and secular Sunnis, President Bashar Assad has guaranteed stability in the country.

“In general, we want to see all sanctions tightened and strengthened,” said Ammar Abdulhamid, a political activist based in Washington. “But the issue of diesel is complicated, as our own people could get hurt.” More on the Venezuela Connection in CNN’s: Venezuelan diesel shipments to Syria fuel controversy

Not one or two or three or four or five towns are getting pounded every day, but dozens. Dozens of towns and suburbs and villages across Syria are getting shelled indiscriminately using heavy artillery, tanks and helicopter gunships. The whole thing is happening in full light of day. Why is this permissible? What happened to promises of “never again?”

Video Highlights

Members of the FSA manage to capture one of Assad’s security chiefs Brig. Gen. Munir Shlaibeh, an Alawite from the town of Jableh. He was responsible for running an anti-terrorism unit based in the Midan District in Damascus, and is known for involvement in the Seydnaya Prison Massacre in July of 2008. He says “there are no terrorists” and asserts that his unit did not kill anyone. He was obviously physically abused. He keeps shuffling around, which might suggest that he was beaten on the soles of his feet. He was forced to chant “Curse your soul Hafiz.” He was asked if he planned to defect and join the FSA, he replied “they will execute my children.” He insists though that “President Bashar has no knowledge of what’s happening.” He says he thinks the Salafi Sheikh Adnan Arour, popular among Islamist protesters, to be a “moderate” cleric and says that he wishes the FSA will treat him fairly. This is a leaked video showing the aftermath of the Seydnaya Massacre, we can see Brig. Gen. Shlaibeh appearing in civvies, as is the habit of security chiefs, at the end of the clip (1:16)

The town of Hreitan, Aleppo Province, gets pounded again the presence of UN monitors Local resistance provides security Helicopter gunships flies over the town at low altitude observing the observers UN monitors inspect damage and talk to locals

Nearby Eizaz is pounded with tanks Hayan is also pounded , , , In nearby Anadan, local fighters take control of a tank

Nearby Houla is pounded as well Talbisseh is pounded again ,

As for Homs City, you can just taste the hate driving the nonstop pounding of the Old Homs:Jouret Al-Shayah , , , , Hamidiyeh

Khan Shaikhoon, Idlib Province: local resistance bring down a chopper

Towns and communities in Daraa Province continue to heavy pounded including by helicopter gunships as is the case in Jizah We can hear local activists laugh as they film this scene showing missiles leaving the chopper Obviously, the attempt to terrorize is not successful, but the havoc and the deaths wrought are all too real.

In Hama, the villages along Jabal Shahshabo continue to be pounded ,

In Damascus Suburbs, pro-Assad militias continue to perpetrate their massacres in Eastern Ghoutah region – the strip of forest and farmlands to the East of Damascus City. The latest massacre took place in Deir Al-Asafeer Nearby Harastais pounded

In Lattakia Province, local fighters are trying to defend against the ethnic cleansing of the last remaining Sunni enclaves in the mountain facing the coasts where the population is made up of Arabs, Kurds and Turkmen. On July 8, local fighters killed 20 pro-Assad militias in an ambush

Syrian Network for Human Rights and Damascus Center for Human Rights: June 2012 Casualty Report

The following crimes reported were all carried out by the Syrian regime forces during the killing campaign they launched on unarmed civilians.  June is considered to be the bloodiest month, with at least 2,336 confirmed dead.  This includes 203 children and 225 women.  It averages out to roughly80 people per day.  The statistics from June show that Syrian citizens have been subjected to the gravest violence at the hands of the army and security forces. The Syrian regime perpetrated a large number of massacres, in various Syrian governorates, and harvested the lives of dozens.

The enclosed link includes the documentation of most of the victims’ names, location, photos and videos.  The diagram also illustrates their distribution throughout the duration of the Syrian revolution.  Another diagram shows their distribution in Syrian governorates.  We have been able to document 2,336 victims in June 2012 including:

203 children
225 women
64 killed under torture
151 military personnel

The link below includes the full report of all the names of civilian and military victims as well as most available details for each case. The first few pages include diagrams showing the distribution of victims across Syrian governorates.

The distribution of victims on governorates was as follows:

Damascus Suburbs: 512
Homs: 447
Idleb: 285
Daraa: 276
Hama: 234
Deir Ezzour: 220
Aleppo: 159
Lattakia: 105
Damascus: 62
Hasakeh: 13
Tartous: 1
Suweida: 1
Non-Syrian victims: 3

This is the data we were able to collect through the work of more than 200 of our members stationed in different Syrian governorates.  They were able to document and verify the full name, place and time of death for each case.  It must be noted that there have been many cases where it was hard to get access to such details, particularly where massacres took place.  This is because it is standard practice during these massacres for regime forces to besiege the town and black-out all communications.  Thus, the real number of victims is likely to be much higher than recorded.  Additionally, the Syrian government denies all human rights organizations access to its territories.

SNHR and DCHRS hold Bashar al-Assad, the Syrian president and commander in chief of the Syrian army, responsible for all acts of homicide, torture, and massacres committed in Syria.  He holds the command responsibility for all of these acts.  All Syrian regime members and heads of the security and military forces, who are directly complicit in these acts, are held responsible.  Further, all the financiers and supporters of this regime, which is committing massacres on a semi-daily basis and killing dozens around the clock, are also responsible.  All these people must face severe consequences and implications stemming from these acts which they are responsible for.

SNHR and DCHR call on the Security Council of the UN and all member states to honor their moral and legal obligations by acting with the utmost urgency to undertake all necessary measures for the protection of Syrian civilians and to accelerate the process of referring all those implicated in the massacres to the International Criminal Court.

All information and data in this report provided by:
Syrian Network for Human Rights in London
Damascus Center for Human Rights Studies in Syria

Syrian Network for Human Rights: The Zamalka Massacre

On Saturday 30 June 2012 in the morning, the Syrian regime’s security forces raided the city of Zamalka in al-Ghouta al-Sharqia to the east of the Syrian capital Damascus.  They opened gunfire around 11:00 a.m., killing Abdul Hadi al-Halabi and injuring many others.

Zamalka residents then held the traditional funeral procession for the victims by marching to the Great Mosque.  Security forces then wired a bomb to a car and put it along the path that the mourners would march along.  When mourners passed by it, security forces carried out the explosion, killing at least 72 citizens and wounding 400 others in just a single minute.

A video filmed by a local that shows the car bomb blast just as the funeral procession goes by.

SNHR and DCHRS verified this information by contacting ten different local eyewitnesses.  All ten of the eyewitnesses are still alive and can be contacted by any authority or organization.  These eyewitnesses confirmed that security forces were deployed near al-Tawba Mosque where the car bomb was planted.  In addition, Zamalka Revolution Committee published news, prior to the blast, noting that many suspicious cars had entered the city and that the security forces  stationed at checkpoints had removed their uniforms and dressed in civilian clothing.

About 4,000 citizens walked in the funeral procession for the victim Abdul Hadi al-Halabi.  They marched from the victim’s home towards the Great Mosque and as they passed the al-Tawaba Mosque at 6:40 p.m. the car bomb exploded.

Security forces immediately besieged the city.   They denied medical aid for the wounded and killed a doctor, Jamal Tabranin, with sniper fire while he gave aid to the wounded. There is hard evidence that proves the Syrian regime did not give aid to the wounded rather they chased them down and killed them.  Some of the wounded were transported to the city of Kafr Batna’s hospital al-Fatih Hospital.  Security forces followed the transports, besieged the hospital and attacked both the wounded receiving medical attention and the doctors providing it.


A video showing the wounded and dead inside a makeshift hospital immediately following the blast.  The wounded are given treatment using only basic medical tools and without the basic necessities like sanitized areas to perform medical operations.  Residents of Zamalka refuse to transport them to public or private hospitals because regime forces have threatened to arrest and kill them.

By a field visit to the site of the crime and by contacting relatives of the victims, SNHR & DCHRS have verified and documented the names of 72 victims killed in the blast.  SNHR & DCHRS notes that there are lost citizens whose whereabouts have not been confirmed.  This fact makes it likely that the number of victims of the massacre will increase.

The mass burial of about 80 victims of the car bomb.


All information and videos provided by:

Syrian Network for Human Rights

Syrian Revolution Digest – Monday 9 July 2012



Assad’s War!

He’s fighting against Al-Qaed’a, the Americans, the Israelis, the French, the Saudis, Alien invaders, zombies, vampires, shadows, windmills, voices in his mind… Indeed, Assad is already a legend in his own mind, and had his madness not resulted in so much bloodshed, his life story might have made good material for a mediocre high-school comedy. But the bloodshed, and the fact that the fate of millions is at stake and that a country is coming undone… to describe his war as tragic will be the understatement of the century.

Monday July 09, 2012

Today’s Death toll: 82. The Breakdown: 23 in Deir Ezzor, 18 in Idlib, 8 in Aleppo, 8 in Hama, 7 in Daraa, 7 in Homs and 6 in Damascus Suburbs.


Op-Eds & Special Reports

Abrams says he hopes the US is doing more for the opposition than it is claiming publicly, if only for the role the US will want to play in a post-Assad Syria. “If it’s the Saudis and the Qataris giving money and guns to the opposition, then it’s the Saudis and Qataris who are going to have influence when that opposition is in power,” he says, “and the US won’t have the influence it could’ve had.”

Turkey remains widely admired in the Middle East, but the excitement at Erdogan’s tough talk against Israel that made him so popular in the Arab world a couple of years ago has cooled. And for all their military might and economic muscle, the Turks now find themselves with almost no leverage in Damascus.

Gen Tlas’s defection is therefore significant for two reasons. First, although his absence will not in itself be a major blow, the signal it sends to other non-Alawite elites could be important. Other generals may not have Gen Tlas’s wealth and connections; some might still be tempted to leave while they can.

Video Highlights

The pounding of Tal Kalakh, Homs Province Sounds of war The town nearby of Ghonto gets pounded as well , , Homes catch fire Rastanis also pounded Some martyrs

And of course, the pounding of Old Homs continues: Jouret Al-Shayah , , , , AlQarabis Tanks venture in BMPs and armored vehicles patrol and pound the neighborhood , ,

The pounding of Basr Al-Harir , the farmland around the town has been minded by pro-Assad militias, which led to the death of these two workers when their tractor hit a mine

The pounding of Na’eemah, Daraa Province The pounding of Daraa City The pounding of Bosra, Daraa Province The pounding of Khirbet Ghazaleh

The pounding of Ariha, Idlib The pounding leaves many dead lying in the streets Some of today’s martyrs , The wounded ,

The pounding of Eizaz, Aleppo Province

Syrian Revolution Digest – Sunday 8 July 2012



A Change To End All Change!


The International Community has long shifted its focus on Syria from supporting democratic transition to containing an impending “catastrophe,” to borrow Hillary Clinton’s term. But in both cases they remain unsure as to what needs to be done. That lingering uncertainty is exactly why catastrophe is fast becoming a self-fulfilling prophecy.


Saturday July 08, 2012


Today’s Death toll:  60. The Breakdown: 14 in Damascus Suburbs, 12 in Homs, 10 In Daraa, 7 in Deir Ezzor, 6 in Hama, 6 in Idlib and 5 in Aleppo.


Many towns and cities across the country came under heavy pounding today, including:


Karak, Yadoudeh, Sheikh Miskeen, Ghabaghib, Bosra, Maarabha, Izraa, Mseifrah, Ghariyeh and Daraa City (Daraa Province), Deir Jammal, Eizaz, Hreitan and Anadan(Aleppo Province), Deir Ezzor City and Mayadeen (Deir Ezzor Province), Homs city, Houla, Rastan, Qusayr, Tal Kalakh and Talbisseh (Homs Province), Douma, Jisreen, Diyabiyeh Misraba and Madaya (Damascus Suburbs), Hama City and Sahel Al-Ghab(Hama Province), Khan Shaikhoon (Idlib Province).











Op-Eds & Special Reports



A Change to End All Change


The Scenario: A national unity government is agreed under the presidency of a Sunni figurehead. Assad is out, but rather than going to Russia, he goes to Lattakia where he is the undisputed leader of an ethnically cleansed Alawite-majority enclave, and still in charge from behind the scenes of manipulating the national army and security apparatuses which remain for years to come under Alawite control. Kurdish enclaves are granted autonomy, and the rest of the country is held together by a Sunni Arab-majority government. FSA groups are gradually reintegrated into the regular army.


This it seems the current scenario being thrust upon us. There myriad problems with this scenario, but the most important one is the fact that events on the ground are moving too fast for it. This scenario requires a lot of micromanagement, but no party, domestic, regional or international is well-positioned or equipped to do it effectively. This is why Russia wants Iran to be onboard, but even their combined efforts cannot stand the test of unfolding realities.


People need to get real on Syria.



Assad’s recent interview with Germany’s ARD TV provides us with few revealing gems that should help dispel some illusions, if only international leaders and experts are willing to listen.


On the infamous Houla Massacre


When asked directly about the killing of more than 100 civilians in the Syrian village of Houla in May, he blamed it on gangs who “came in hundreds from outside the city.”


This is the second time Assad has had a chance to tell us about the identity of the victims. But neither in his speech that took place after the massacre nor in this interview did Assad claim that the victims of Houla were Alawites or recent convert to Shi’ism. As such, we must in all fairness dismiss such claims as blatantly false and stand by the initial reports and eyewitness accounts, supported by videos and satellite photography, that putt eh blame clearly on pro-Assad militias. The Massacre of Houla came as part of an ethnic cleansing campaign aimed at Sunni inhabitants in key locations that Assad and his supporters want to transform into an Alawite majority enclave as part of their Plan B in dealing with the current situation.


Reform vs. Freedom


Assad said a “majority of the people ask for reforms, political reforms (but) not freedom.”


This particular pearl of wisdom should be quoted in each standard textbook on political science, political philosophy and psychology. This is exactly the kind of wisdom for which Assad should be remembered for eternity. That’s the sum total of his heritage.


On Stepping Down


He stressed that he still had the overall support of Syria’s people,firmly ruling out stepping down. “The president shouldn’t run away from challenge and we have a national challenge now in Syria,” he said.


There it is then: Assad has no plans to step down voluntarily, and the Russians want him to be part of the political transition process. What does that mean really? Political solution without military muscle will not be possible in Syria. It’s as simple and plain as that.


On dialogue


While he said he was ready for political dialogue with the opposition, Assad left no doubt that he would fight those his government perceives as terrorists. “But as long as you have terrorism and as long as the dialogue didn’t work, you have to fight the terrorism. You cannot keep just making dialogue while they are killing your people and your army,” he said.



The ethnic cleansing of Syria has already begun, warns Dall’Oglio. But he insists that it is a project of the Assad government, not an objective of the Sunni-led guerrilla forces that have inspired such misgivings among Christians and other Syrian minorities, including Assad’s Alawite sect, an offshoot of Shiite Islam.


“The regime is already acting in the logic of division of the country,” says Dall’Oglio, citing rumors of contingency plans for an Alawite-run rump state carved from the Mediterranean shore to the Orontes River. “What do you do with most of the Sunni population? They have started to kill them, massively.”





The emails were published back in March, 2012, but their subject is still pretty much relevant.


“After a couple hours of talking, they said without saying that SOF teams (presumably from US, UK, France, Jordan, Turkey) are already on the ground focused on recce [i.e. reconnaissance] missions and training opposition forces… They have been told to prepare contingencies and be ready to act within 2-3 months, but they still stress that this is all being done as contingency planning, not as a move toward escalation.” They then discuss the option of an air campaign in Syria and what its objectives would be, saying the situation “makes Libya look like a piece of cake” because of the geography and Syria’s robust air defenses. “The main base they would use is Cyprus, hands down. Brits and French would fly out of there. They kept stressing how much is stored at Cyprus and how much recce comes out of there… There still seems to be a lot of confusion over what a military intervention involving an air campaign would be designed to achieve.”



“He says there are in Syria about 3,000 IRGC men and 2,000 HZ fighters, in addition to 300 Amal Movement men [i.e. Lebanese Resistance Detachments] and 200 [Syrian National Socialist Party] militiamen. The IRGC men are leading the pro-regime armed gangs. Syrian soldiers who refuse to open fire on protesters are killed by the Iranians and pro-Syrian Lebanese allies. The Iranians and Lebanese usually stand behind Syrian troops and kill Syrian soldiers immediately if they refuse to open fire. The 17 Syrian troops dumped in the Orontes River in Hama were killed by HZ men.”



The former director of the security firm Blackwater aided the Libyan opposition and was subsequently sent to contact Syrian rebels in Turkey at the request of a U.S. Government committee, according to published Stratfor emails and reported by Al-Akhbar English.


Video Highlights


This leaked video from a defector shows the aftermath of an attack that he filmed before defecting. It was an attack by a local resistance unit on a pro-Assad military facility that left 48 loyalists dead. The attack is said to have taken place on June 28 in Iz Ma’areen Village in Hama Province


Local resistance groups in the town of Anadan, Aleppo Province, take possession of a cannon that was used by pro-Assad militias in pounding their town


In Hreitan, Aleppo Province, an Islamic local resistance group clash with invading pro-Assad columns


In Deir Jammal, Aleppo Province, tanks and helicopter gunships take part in the pounding.


Helicopter gunships take part in pounding Eizaz, Aleppo Province


The sounds of nighttime clashes in Abassid Square in downtown Damascus City


The pounding of Homs City continues , So does the pounding of Houla and Talbisseh the pounding was aimed at stopping this funeral for a local martyr


In Daraa, the pounding of Maaraba by helicopter gunships continue ,


Different neighborhoods and suburbs in Daraa City also comes under pounding, leaving many houses on fire


The Damascene suburb of Madaya comes under pounding , ,


Syrian Revolution Digest – Thursday 5 July 2012



Who Let the Dogs Out!


So, Jihadi groups are now operating in Syria. But the question remains: who let the dogs out? And whose party are they crashing? We see Assad and his militias pounding towns clamoring for freedom and arresting pro-democracy activists, but we are yet to see any serious effort meant to target these groups. Assad and his militias are clearly uninterested in weeding out Jihadi groups at this stage, because they ultimately serve Assad’s cause. Al-Qaeda and the Shabbiha, who are nothing more than the Alawite equivalent of Al-Qaeda, are two instruments of strike and control in Assad’s arsenal.


Wednesday July 04, 2012


Today’s Death toll: 67. The Breakdown: the dead include 10 children and three women. 17 were killed in Idlib, 15 in Damascus (13 in Suburbs and 2 in City), 12 in Daraa, 7 in Aleppo, 6 in Homs, 6 in Deir Ezzor, 2 in Hama, 1 in Lattakia and 1 in Raqqah.










Op-Eds & Special Reports






Video Highlights


People from Homs City, including a local imam and local fighters give their opinion of the Cairo Conference and the vision regarding the nature of the future state of Syria that was agreed by opposition groups. The Imam believes that excluding those who are sacrificing their lives for the sake of the future state in Syria from the talks and making decisions without consulting them is a “redline” and is “wholly unacceptable.” As the Imam speaks, we can actually hear the pounding in the background. Fighter 1 says that “only the Syrian people, the revolutionaries and the martyrs” have the right to decide the nature of the future state in Syria. Fighter 2 says “only we on the inside have the legitimacy to determine the future state.” Fighter 3: “who are they to determine the shape of the future state” who allowed them to?… Let them do what they want, we will decide matters here.” A Local activist says that regime’s violent crackdown and opposition activities are all meant to impose a solution on all that will meet with popular approval All interviewed want an Islamic State. Fighter 3 points to the black flag overhead with the inscription “There is no god but god, Muhammad is the Messenger of God” and says: this is our future flag. Local activist says he wants an Islamic State, but he wants people to decide on this, he believes that most people would vote for an Islamic State, and says that this is exactly what the opposition is afraid of. The views expressed here are those of the few fighters that remain in the city. Naturally the pounding of Homs City continues , ,


Ma’arrat Al-Nouman, Idlib Province, the victims of continuous shelling of the town by pro-Assad militias included this little girl More martyrs , , Killed at home: a family of four


After intense battles, local fighter took control of the town of Salkeen, Idlib Province, arresting dozens of pro-Assad militias The plan is to use them to negotiate for the release of local activists. A local mother identified her son’s murders among the arrested. This is her reaction Local activists say that the two killers have not been harmed. It’s interesting to note that the pro-Assad militias in Salkeen are not Alawites, but members of a Sunni clan, Al-Jalkhi, with old ties to the regime’s security apparatus.


Meanwhile, tensions in the Kurdish-majority towns of Efrin and Kobani in Aleppo Province continue to rise as result of ongoing attempts by members of the PYD, the Syrian branch of the PKK, to intimidate their rival Kurdish groups, especially those who are pro-revolution, and establish their control over the towns. The last few weeks witnessed increasing acts of intimidation, including beatings and kidnappings, culminating in the murder of few activists belonging to the revolutionary movements. The situation finally attracted the attention of the local FSA group, the Salaheddine Brigade, whose membership is made up of Arab and Kurdish fighters. The leaders of the Brigade issues a statement calling for reconciliation, calling on PYD members to curb their activities, but saying that they don’t want to be involved in internecine Kurdish disputes


In Daraa Province, local fighters carry out an attack on a security checkpoint near the town of Saida: The attack The get-away The loot In Nearby Mseifrah, local bury two dead brothers below the age of 10  ,



In Damascus Suburbs, Arbeen was pounded by a helicopter gunship , So does nearbyHamouriyeh The nearby Douma has been transformed into a ghost town , ,


Syrian Revolution Digest – Tuesday 3 July 2012




It’s not about what the international community wants any more than it is about what Assad wants. It’s about what we want and need as a people in order to regain and protect our basic freedoms. And what we want and need is for all decent people in the world to abide by their moral and legal obligations towards us. Intervention to support the pro-democracy revolutionaries in Syria, be it simple of complex, is a moral and legal obligation, and we will never stop rallying for it as it is an essential component of our fight against corruption and tyranny.

Tuesday July 03, 2012

Today’s Death toll: 71. The Breakdown: 14 in Deir Ezzor, 13 in Homs, 12 in Daraa, 13 in Damascus (12 in Suburbs and 1 in City), 10 in Aleppo, 5 in Hama, 3 in Idilb, and 1 in Raqqah.

A video showing the chaotic scene during one of the failed sessions in the opposition conference in Cairo

In regard to the recently released report by Human Rights Watch on torture, this is a leaked video showing pro-Assad troops torturing a civilian through the torture session security officers keep taunting their prisoner: “You want freedom?” “You want to kill the Aalwites?” “Say Assad is your God.”


Op-Eds & Special Reports

Let it be clear to all: Demanding international intervention is our moral and legal right as a people who belong to a country that is a member of the United Nations. When we call for international intervention to help put an end to Assad’s tyrannical and corrupt rule, we are not demanding anything that is outside the purview of international law and the legal obligations to which all states that are signatories of the UN Charter are subject. Asking the international community to abide by its moral and legal obligations towards us as a people is part and parcel of our struggle to free ourselves of oppression. We do not want to be ruled by a corrupt and oppressive government any more than we are willing to remain part of an oppressive and unfair international system. We want all those politicians who make decisions that impact our lives to be accountable to us, no matter where they happen to be. We want both the national and international institutions that were established in our nameand whose decisions have real impact on our way of life to be transparent, fair and accountable. This is what our revolution is about, and this is why our revolution will go on, until the tyranny of the Assad is no more and the international community has accepted to abide by its legal and moral obligations towards us.

Video Highlights

More high level defections: A colonel from the 1st Division A lieutenant from Air Force security

Helicopter gunships taking part in pounding restive communities in Sahel Al-Ghab valley in Hama Province

The pounding of Khan Shaikhoon, Idlib Province

The pounding of Maarabah, Daraa Province and Daraa City

The horrible destruction of Jouret al-Shayah, Homs City pounding of Rastan continues

Syrian Network for Human Rights: The Massacres of Al-Hubait and Hameh

Al-Hubait Massacre| 30 June 2012 | 10 Children Killed in 10 Minutes

At 06:00 pm, the Syrian regime’s army helicopters fiercely attacked the town of Al-Hubait, located 77 kilometers from the center of the city of Idleb and near the city of Khan Shaikoun.  Local activists and the families of victims were interviewed, both noting that the helicopters used heavy bombs.  The regime’s army shelled the densely  populated city deliberately killing 13 victims and injuring 35 people.  In all, 10 children were killed within the first few minutes of the attack.  There is evidence that the regime deliberately and systematically targets civilians with these seemingly random shelling attacks.


Injured children from the regime attack are treated at the Kafr Zaita hospital in Al-Hubait.

Hameh Massacre | 26 June 2012 | 21 Victims in 2 Hours

At 02:30, Tuesday 26 June 2012, the Syrian regime’s army raided Al-Hameh city, located 12 kilometers to the west of the Syrian capital Damascus.  The force included: tanks, armoured vehicles, at least 15,000 infantry soldiers, and pro-regime’s Shabeeha militias (from the neighbouring areas of Jabal Al-Ward and Al-Buhouth Al-Ilmya).  This combined force shelled the city for two hours destroying numerous houses.  They harvested the lives of twenty one civilians in these two short hours.  Most of the victims were killed by army snipers.  All the victims were buried in the Al-Sadat cemetery.


Victims from the massacre on 26 of June in Al-Hameh.  The attack was perpetrated by the Syrian regime’s army aided by pro-regime Shabeeha militias.


All information and videos in this report provided by:

Syrian Network for Human Rights

A Tribute to Two Brave Paramedics: Mahmoud Al-Ahmad and Mus’ab Bard

Mahmoud Al-Ahmad’s Story: A Paramedic of Hama City

Paramedic, Mahmoud Al-Ahmad, locally known “Abu Hussein” was one of the most prominent paramedic among the volunteers who aided the wounded in the city of Hama.  He was born in Hama in 1985.  He leaves behind, a young child, a girl less than one year old.

Since the early days of the Syrian revolution, Abu Hussein took to the street as both a protester and a paramedic.  On 3 June 2012, the “Children of Freedom’s” Friday, he received a gunshot that penetrated his chest.  For treatment, he was transported to a makeshift hospital where he was treated and remained through recovery.  He then returned to Hama as an avid activist.

He was persistent and worked hard, founding a makeshift hospital in the Mashaa Al-Arba’een neighbourhood, which was targeted by the Syrian regime’s army.  This neighbourhood had the largest number of the wounded in the city of Hama during the regime’s army offensive.

Abu Hussein treated and aided hundreds of the wounded in the city of Hama.  All locals speak highly of his good morals, loyalty and the invaluable aid he provided.

Abu Hussein documented, using a personal camera, the wounded whom he aided.  He did so to show the world the crimes against humanity committed by the Syrian regime.  The following are examples taken out of scores of videos he recorded in the makeshift hospital.  SNHR and DCHRS have the original copies of these videos that have been uploaded to YouTube.

The footage below shows the wounded in the Al-Hamedya makeshift hospital, where they are supervised and receive treatment from Abu Hussein.

On 20 June 2012, the Syrian regime’s army and security forces launched an offensive on Hama city; they shelled the city continually for three days and isolated it from the whole world using a media and communications blackout.  Numerous citizens fell victims and many more were wounded.  Abu Hussein hurried to aid the wounded.  While he was treating one of the victims a mortar shell, fired by the regime’s forces, hit them and killed Mahmoud along with the four citizens who were accompanying him while he treated the wounded.

In the video below, the location of the body of Abu Hussein, the paramedic of Hama, is shown. The heroic efforts he provided to the injured of Hama are un-matched.


Mus’ab Bard’s Story: A Doctor and Paramedic

Doctor and paramedic Mus’ab Bard, was tortured to death by regime forces for aiding civilians.  He was the epitome of a medical hero.

Pictures of Mus'ab Bard before his death and his body following torture by Syrian regime forces.

Mus’ab Bard (1 January, 1992 – 14 June, 2012) was born in Teftenaz, Idleb, Syria.  He was a student in the Faculty of Medicine, at Aleppo University.  He came from an eight person family.  He had three brothers (one is a doctor, the other an engineer, and the third a pharmacist), and two sisters (both are attending school). Mus’ab was always one of the finest students, garnering high achievements and the best grades, both in high school and in his first two years at the University.  However, even more noticeable were his strong morals and values that were present in all his actions.

The young doctor became a part of the Syrian revolution protests in the city of Aleppo.  He was also a member on a paramedic team that gave treatment and aid to the wounded.  Mus’ab was detained in one of the protests on 6 September, 2011.  It began as the funeral procession of Ibrahim Salqeeni, a respected scholar in Aleppo, who was poisoned by the Assad regime, according to his family.  Mus’ab was detained for a month for the crime of attending the funeral and videographing it.  After Mus’ab was released, he stopped attending protests and began a new task:  aiding the wounded and rescuing the injured.

Once Musa’b took upon this new task he worked around the clock, serving the cause of helping humanity.  He traveled with a small bag containing very basic and humble instruments to aid him in his work.  He had many supporters and was well known by dozens of Syrian activist for this noble role which he acquired during the revolution.

On Sunday, the 17th of June, the Syrian regime’s Air Force Intelligence detained Mus’ab and two of his class mates, Basel Aslan and Hazem Batteek.  The three were all returned dead one week later on Sunday the 24 of June.  Their bodies clearly showed that they had been tortured and were badly burned.  Mus’ab’s brother had difficulty identifying him due to the severity of the burns extending even to his hair.  The doctors confirmed that Mus’ab had been tortured and burned to death.  A bullet hole was also found on his body that indicated that the bullet had passed completely through his body.

Thousands of people held a funeral procession for the murdered medical students in Saif Addawla, Aleppo.  The video below shows the procession.

The video below shows the burned bodies of the three medical students inside the coroner’s office.


Mus’ab’s body was later tranported to Teftenaz, his birthplace, where he was buried.


All information, videos, and photos in this report provided by:

Syrian Network for Human Rights