|Over the past month, more than 400,000 members of Myanmar’s Rohingya Muslim community have been driven from their homes as part of an ethnic-cleansing campaign led by the military. What lies at the root of the current violence? How is it connected to the country’s political transition? And does transitional justice have a role to play? Anna Myriam Roccatello, who oversees ICTJ’s work in Myanmar, answers those questions and more.
“What we now finally call ethnic cleansing in Myanmar has gone on for years,” Roccatello says. “Had efforts to acknowledge victims been more actively supported by the international community in the last several years, the political dynamic might be different. Moving forward, once the violence stops, accountability and reforms must be pursued with renewed vigor to ensure a sustainable peace. Doing so will hopefully provide the opportunity to address the massive violations against not only the Rohingya, but against all victims of the regime.”