SNHR: The Second Largest Chemical Weapons Attack on Civilians in the Modern Era

(Documenting the chemical weapons massacre in the Damascus countryside 21/8/2013 )

531 victims have been documented; including 511 civilians, 117 children, 108 women and, in addition, 9000 injuries

Prepared by Syrian Network for Human Rights.

Period Covered: 21/8/2013

Date of issue: 26/8/2013

Introduction:

In the last report issued by SNHR about using chemical weapon by Syrian regime in 5/8/2013, we documented 28 attacks that led to 83 victims, and almost 1271 injuries.

Syrian Network for Human Rights had sent the report to a large number of human rights, media, and political bodies around the world, including chemical weapons inquiry mission led by Dr. Ake Sellstrom, Please check the following link:

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBSTRDZlJHdkZRcUk/edit

Syrian regime owns almost 700 tons of chemical weapons, the quantity is able to manufacture almost 2500 artillery shell and 100 chemical warheads for Scud missiles , which is enough to annihilate the population of Damascus, Homs, Hama, and Aleppo.

at least 300 persons work in Syrian chemical weapon development program, mostly from the Alwite sect, and they surrounded with secrecy and continuous monitoring,  and no one know about them even army leaders or ministries.

Wednesday 21/8/2013, almost 3 am, Syrian Government Forces shelled Ghouta Sharqiya then at 5 am shelled Ghouta Gharbia, according to SNHR’s team with dissidents experts form Syrian regime and in preliminary estimates that Syrian regime had launched almost 10 missiles, with capacity of almost 20 liter for each, that’s mean total is 200 liter, and considered the second largest chemical attack after Sadam Husain’s regime used chemical attack in Iraq in 16-17/3/1988, which led to the death of thousands of people and were disgrace of humanity, the tragedy is repeated now again against the Syrian people.

SNHR documented the killing of 531 Syrian citizens by name, video, and photo, as a result of targeting Western and Easter Ghouta:

Civilians: 511 victims, including 117 children and 108 women:

Among the victims, we documented 33 citizens but we didn’t get their names, because the residents didn’t recognize them, but we have photos of them.

FSA Fighters: 20 victims

Although a number of injuries have exceeded 9000 citizens, who were transferred to medical points, as we were told by many doctors from different medical points, and according to what SNHR’s member documented in Damascus and countryside, or what we’ve got from photos and videos for injured citizens (via photographers and trusted activists dealing with them from long time ago and have good credibility), the network checked them (please check the report details) :

The massive rise in victims’ number confirms that government forces used weapons of mass destruction and not just conventional weapons, and through the photos and videos taken by Syrian network for human rights’ team members in Damascus and countryside and other photos and videos sent to us via e-mail by Photographers and activists communicate with the network.  It is clear to us that the neighborhoods that were shelled are residential neighborhoods, there are some shops in these neighborhoods, as is the nature of cities and towns in Syria, and did not note the presence of any military or even chemical facility to be a source of leakage.

There is also another cause of the high numbers of casualties, the siege imposed on Eastern and Western Ghouta by the Syrian government for more than 14 months and prevent the introduction of gasoline and fuel, where residents couldn’t get access to medical points by cars or motorbikes, because they were out of gasoline, so they had to walk which led to the death of a large number of them due to delay the treatment.

The siege has created a heavy lack of medicines and equipment to treat the injured and causing the death of a large number of them also.

Report Details:

On Wednesday 21/8/2013, at 2:45 am (according to Damascus), government forces were shelled with a rocket launcher the cities of Zamalka and Ain Tarma, and buffer zone between Zamalka and Hiza town.

First: we recorded the fall of 4 missiles carrying poisonous chemical materials, in the city of Zamalka, and specifically on:

1- Almazraa area

2- The area behind Najeb oil station

3- The area of Zamalka female school for basic education

 

Second: A missile fell on the communication street area between Zamalka and Haza.

Third: Ain Tarma city, shelled at least by three missiles:

 1- Ain Tarma tanks area

2- Altabal area of Ain Tarma

3- Alzainiah neighborhood

Also shelled Aloazameah city in Western Ghouta at 5:15 am by a missile carrying poisonous chemical materials.

Map showing the area shelled in Ain Tarma with the coordinates of that point according to Syrian network for human rights’ member in Damascus countryside:

https://maps.google.com/maps?q=33.514769,36.346024&num=1&t=h&z=17

Map showing the area shelled in Zamalka with the coordinates of these points according to Syrian network for human rights’ member in Damascus countryside:

https://maps.google.com/maps?q=33.521174,36.354511&num=1&t=h&z=17

https://maps.google.com/maps?q=33.521943,36.351979&num=1&t=h&z=17

https://maps.google.com/maps?q=33.52366,36.357279&num=1&t=h&z=17

https://maps.google.com/maps?q=33.524841,36.35656&num=1&t=h&z=17

https://maps.google.com/maps?q=33.524608,36.36098&num=1&t=h&z=17

https://maps.google.com/maps?q=33.524304,36.361259&num=1&t=h&z=17

Syrian network for human rights, which is considered one of the most important sources of documenting victims of the armed conflict in Syria for the United Nations, and we have an agreement with the Organization of the United Nations which documented victims of conflict around the world (HRDAG) and certificate of appreciation, where we rely on strict standards on authentication via network’s members deployed in various Syrian governorates, and by taking the accounts from two sources do not know each other, and validate videos and photos by technical experts, in addition to other criteria mentioned in details on the Website.

According to SNHR’s criteria, we have documented the killing of 531 Syrian citizens but our estimation refer to the murder of at least 800 people because there are many places that we couldn’t get to.  We are still receiving names and images successively.  Many victims died without documenting.

Documenting 531 names, photos and videos are very important and proves that the actual numbers are much more.  This number of course does not include missing people whose fate has not been determined and estimated within the dozens.

Please see the following link for a complete list of names with the pictures and video for each name:

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBQmd2U2VPN3N4a1U/edit?usp=sharing

Among the 511 civilian victims (the majority are  civilians, 97%), among the civilians:

117 children with proportion of 22%

108 women with proportion of 21%

(the proportion of children and women victims is 43%, which is very high and indicate the targeting of purely civilian areas).

23 Palestinian (11 children and 3 women).

The following link include names, photo and way of death:

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBdktMcVpwSHFheEU/edit?usp=sharing

Only 20 FSA fighters were killed during their existence and deploying in this area.  Almost 4% of the total number of victims:

following link include FSA’s looses (names, photo and way of death):

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBakVaUjJ1NWtoaU0/edit?usp=sharing

We have to indicate that the Government forces had followed the missile shelling with chemical weapons, mortars, and heavy artillery, which prevented dozens of civilians from going out to rooftops and led to their deaths from inside their homes after inhaling poisonous gases.

Accounts of eight doctor’s to SNHR matched the symptoms that appeared on hundred of patients and treat it: shortness of breath, suffocation, muscular convulsions, oral foam , increasing body secretions leaked from eyes and nose, eye redness, blurred vision, hear and eyelash stiffness, these are the symptoms resulting from nerve-gas poisoning.

SNHR estimates the injuries between 9000 and 10000 injuries, now running out of medicines that can treat chemical weapons injuries such as hydrocortisone , dexamethasone, Atropine and Epinephrine.

According to  inquiries and investigations conducted by SNHR about the source of shelling missiles, it shows that it had been launched from areas under the control of Syrian regime, and the photos shows it is clear that theses missiles have relatively small engine, that mean it had launched from near places, not as the photo documented by the network of using long-range ballistic missiles with big engines.

Media activist Abo Omar filmed the video that shows missiles launching, and you can communicate with him via Skype account:” bees1981″

He told us the following:

“One of the places that I expect that it may be the place of launching short-range missiles, that shelled the Eastern Ghouta are Qaboon and specifically of” special units “between the Jobar, Qaboon and Barzah, it is an area where the regime shelled surface to surface missiles, mortars , rocket launchers and others.”

“On the day of the chemical hit, I was in a high place in the Eastern Ghout.”

This is the location coordinates, and there is a video showing launching missiles of limited push, but the fire from which it came out doesn’t look like the located missiles made by Free Syrian Army

We know our missiles and the color of fire that came from them,

33.54703,36.333536

the video that I’ve filmed:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_gLsKrB2PV8&feature=c4-overview&list=UU03hOuXMGhtkvtKOxbT4gQA “

Some survivors’ accounts:

Date: 26/8/2013.

Place: Zamalka of Damascus countryside.

Clearly shows the effects of one of the chemical missile that fell on Almazraa neighborhood, and some dead bird that killed cause of shelling, in addition to eyewitnesses survived from the massacre confirms that they lifted entire families killed in their houses, and aided hundreds of injured , as they warn that there might be many victims in houses that they were not able to enter yet.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ar9SwSit3Og

==================

Place: Zamalka of Damascus countryside.

Date: 26/8/2013.

Place: Zamalka of Damascus countryside.

Accounts of eyewitnesses who survived the massacre in the Almazra neighborhood talked about moments of shelling and symptoms that appeared on them and the injured, they also confirmed the death of entire families from their relatives and neighbors “

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=enNm1gsXfHI

==================

Place: Zamalka of Damascus countryside.

Date: 26/8/2013.

Place: Zamalka of Damascus countryside.

Accounts for eyewitnesses survived from the massacre in Almazra neighborhood describes the most prominent of what happened during shelling , they also confirms the death of entire families from their relatives and neighbors, the neighborhood looks empty of people cause the kill of hundreds and flee out the rest “

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fJvyC2htvZ8

==================

Place: Zamalka of Damascus countryside.

Description: Mrs. Samar Almasri and her daughter in the field hospital after exposed to chemical weapon in Zamalka neighborhood, explained what happened with them , as the female child had nervous convulsion with amnesia, where she couldn’t recognize her mother.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2aARXIwPNew&feature=youtu.be

==================

Place: Arbin of Damascus countryside.

Description: female child suffered from big nervous shock andideophrenia when she woke up from coma in the field hospital, the doctor explained her condition cause she was infected with poisonous gases.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=ZepXGT7om6c

==================

Date: 21/3/2013

Place: Jobar of Damascus countryside

Description: one of the field doctors states important information about the large number of the massacre victims, and the inability of hospital in eastern Ghouta to provide the necessary medical aids, cause of large shortcut of staff, medical equipment and medicines.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WFfKDgfxbiA&list=PL4QlSnoDjU9LrKBItyhhGn7-q7xjYavr_&index=95

====================

Date 21/3/2013

Place: medical point in Arbin of Damascus countryside

Description: one of the medical team talk about hundreds of victims and injuries ( including entire families ) where medical team and residents in Arbin evacuated them from their homes to the medical point in Arbin, must be notify that there were more than 150 victims in one of the field hospital in addition to tens of victims shows in the following video:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L_cbQ4FdB7E&list=PL4QlSnoDjU9LrKBItyhhGn7-q7xjYavr_&index=43

=======================

Date: 21/8/2013

Place : medical point in Darea of Damascus countryside

Description : survivor in Moazameat AlSahm explain the affects he suffered from with the injuries when they shelled with poisonous gases, while they were praying in the mosque, among the symptoms ( vomiting, fainting, pain in eyes and throat ) many of them killed.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RgvIJT7Rqxw&list=PL4QlSnoDjU9LrKBItyhhGn7-q7xjYavr_&index=2

=======================

Date: 21/8/2013

Place : Moazameat Al-Sham of Damascus countryside

Description : Doctor in the field hospital explain the symptoms shows on victims shelled with poisonous gases, among the symptoms (shortness of breath, pinpoint pupil, blue face, oral foam, suffocation, vomiting, fainting) in addition to injury many of medical crew, and more than 500 injuries and dozens of victims.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3w_uYv6q1Jo&list=PL4QlSnoDjU9LrKBItyhhGn7-q7xjYavr_&index=10

=======================

Date: 21/8/2013

Place : Moazameat Al-Sham of Damascus countryside

Description : a Doctor in the field hospital in Darea near to Mozamaeat Al-Sham explain the symptoms shows on victims came from Moazameat Al-Sham, as explain the way of taking samples from injured to analyze the type of the gas used in shelling.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iv_NthuhmPk&list=PL4QlSnoDjU9LrKBItyhhGn7-q7xjYavr_&index=57

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BgMhnTBbJk0&list=PL4QlSnoDjU9LrKBItyhhGn7-q7xjYavr_&index=56

==========================

Animals
Chemical weapons killed different types of animals, We have observed through photos took by SNHR’s member in Damascus countryside and some by activities communicating with the network, that the apparent symptoms on the animals like foaming at the mouth and the outer shape of the body completely rigidity as appeared in photos, these and other are symptoms resulting from inhaling poisonous gases.

==========================

Appendix and attached files includes:

First: photos and videos of the victims in all areas that have been shelled

Second: photos and videos of the injuries in all areas that have been shelled

Third: photos and videos of different kinds of animals that have killed cause of shelling

Fourth: photos of missiles that used in shelling

Fifth: video and photos of the mass destruction caused

============================

First: photos and videos of the victims in all areas that have been shelled

Date 21/8/2013 : Eastern and Western Ghouta towns that have been shelled and medical points that received injuries and victims:

Jobar:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C92KUUXumUs&list=PL4QlSnoDjU9LrKBItyhhGn7-q7xjYavr_&index=69
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Yw0mvxewAw&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ctd71HqzDR8&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F7bI0BuNlfw&feature=youtu.be

Hamoria :
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d4DdLwqdoUg&list=PL4QlSnoDjU9LrKBItyhhGn7-q7xjYavr_&index=53
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oCWpTjfShqg&feature=youtu.be
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vyS602saPiY
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ax5zifrU_Xw
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4HaQkSIWXW0&feature=youtu.be
———————————————————————-

Arbin :
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HFIp_7CLemU&list=PL4QlSnoDjU9LrKBItyhhGn7-q7xjYavr_&index=48
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c3aBtgvMjZ8
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ddpt3l_5TKU&feature=youtu.be&bpctr=1377305187
http://youtu.be/KZfdR9tN19Q
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hPQaPqtm1XA&list=PL4QlSnoDjU9LrKBItyhhGn7-q7xjYavr_&index=25
———————-

Zamalka:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0XgrF2TgC04&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ZrtysuWzmw&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xdgLeE_89KQ&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RhcbiJGU-Zk&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0SSl40wOQ-U&feature=youtu.be
—————————————-

Kafar Batna :
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZkGa2jr9MBA&feature=youtu.be&bpctr=1377309875
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cO8_eZcZkNE&feature=youtu.be&bpctr=1377311437
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0gSsVi6is6A&feature=youtu.be
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6RA0e4LVRZY&feature=youtu.be
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=87DT2eDqh1Y&feature=youtu.be
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6RA0e4LVRZY&feature=youtu.be
———————–

Moazamiat Al-Sham:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4gTMYtTqsxk&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m4FZE3m91aQ&feature=youtu.be
———————————-

Photos of child victims :
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBaVhGU0JFXzhhS2c/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBYUxNSzB4QU4wNDA/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBbDVvbTFRb2Q5WWs/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBa3BKa29JbzVhUUE/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBX2FMTmNuQ0NRYmM/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBa25DLU0xc1VUQnM/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBUzlmN1FvdlhSNWs/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBWEVjUXkzeEY4dTg/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBcHlhYXdmNlZlWVk/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBTmtBT1diTjhnR0U/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBQ3ZuYjVIQXNCdG8/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBZkJ0Z3hOVG05Z0E/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBSG5lRTNVXzB3WEE/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBUnRZMWZrcjRLNmc/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBZl85RTRxejRyYzg/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBdkF2MHZfbkREOGM/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBME5zZ1VRYnZsek0/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBMThfbGZIUExjOG8/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBcEtCLWFVaC11VDg/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBaFNmVGhTcHhvekk/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBUnRzc1VQSTl2djQ/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBTGFXTEhMVURKRk0/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBZDhLUG5mS0J3cWc/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBN1RoSWxLU1BQYzQ/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBZnhWMlFkSk90aTg/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBMk16RGQ2Z0tSdjg/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBQ0VRZzZBb0lTY1E/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBQVdmekU4QU45MUU/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBam1hOVNGTHZ3bVU/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBUXZwcURZdllkTlE/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBZS1aeFNuUG9YNkU/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBT2E1eXN0N2JCelU/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBaXY2MVBJSHloeVE/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBZnN1NnFCQXVmcTQ/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBVVBhb1hLZm96UEU/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBYnZQSU5KTVpqeFk/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBd3VCcFl3Q2p1OGM/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBczJLVUM2UkJlcEE/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBdFpZQUlfY09rb0E/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBWUh1ZE9DUDMxdVE/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBaWZiR204ajk5M0k/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBc0JDa3NhU1V5VTg/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBQVNueUswTDhkS28/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBU1Fkd0JkR1p6dTg/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBb3VwMkpDQU1yTzA/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBMWVua24zV0VqZWc/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBb3hxZWszajAxMFE/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBaWdPUDNzVmdDV1U/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBR1doYnZOYzlVNWs/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBLVdnenpiX1FFamc/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBZ0FsLU5PYTZNeFE/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBVjkzQmk1VkpNaG8/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBTl9xNUI5WE81WW8/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBOXZoWDJZQ1FHNWc/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBM1QyRDNPM2JNc3M/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBMTFRa1d1UnAwdDA/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBOXZoWDJZQ1FHNWc/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBVjZsVDJxbWRLLVk/edit?usp=sharing
——————————————————-

Photos of victims’ massacre :
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBZllSYU41dG5iYms/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBcHJMbUxpbXBLN2s/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBT2hTWXlBZWxMVkE/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBMWsycEN5aVA2Ymc/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBSlVGX3RiVDhLeTg/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBSlVGX3RiVDhLeTg/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBYktMaDFkTS1ZRTg/edit?usp=sharing
\https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBbWl5VWJwZHVrZDg/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBUjVBbGFKdVdEbjg/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBX3BUZ180SGlPZlE/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBcFVOQmZTaHNtUEU/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBUkRCSVhGZWdJQWs/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBZlp0WUlKNG9qcms/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBTHFRUnBfZTRzVm8/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBVjNQZHo1djJNVUU/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBOE9tY2tQZ0tvVjA/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBOE9tY2tQZ0tvVjA/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBaHg5ZHdxWlcwcE0/edit?usp=sharing

Second: photos and videos of the injuries in all areas that have been shelled:

Date:21/8/2013

Place: Jobar of Damascus countryside

Description: videos show dozens of injured mostly from children, and health situation deterioration in medical points cause of siege imposed on Easter Ghouta towns by government forces and lack of medicals crews and equipment to aid them

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kqQAWiOPO-M&bpctr=1377301993
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DlYSmoa6BUs&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GnDBMWASV3M&feature=youtu.be&bpctr=1377300677
http://youtu.be/DlYSmoa6BUs
http://youtu.be/7rOEousNIhY
—————————————————–

Date:21/8/2013

Place: Zamalka of Damascus countryside

Description: videos show dozens of injured mostly from children, and health situation deterioration in medical points cause of siege imposed on Easter Ghouta towns by government forces and lack of medicals crews and equipment to aid them

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b9ox6NQPqP0&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eWhuHM2KifM&feature=youtu.be
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nfp-CdtdX0o
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OzpLeXcfNJk&feature=youtu.be

————————————————–

Date: 21/8/2013

Place: Ain Tarma of Damascus countryside

Description: videos show dozens of injured mostly from children, and health situation deterioration in medical points cause of siege imposed on Easter Ghouta towns by government forces and lack of medicals crews and equipment to aid them

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t8H_iuI56zY&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Htne_krCJ_E&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mK1Nu8A1jEo
——————————————

Date: 21/8/2013

Place: Ain Tarma of Damascus countryside

Description: videos show dozens of injured mostly from children, and health situation deterioration in medical points cause of siege imposed on Easter Ghouta towns by government forces and lack of medicals crews and equipment to aid them

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gR0f9hSlRqg&list=PL4QlSnoDjU9LrKBItyhhGn7-q7xjYavr_&index=5
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Da_UizjNUz4&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YbGdz5e79Q8&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VEVgDBYscMQ&feature=youtu.be
http://youtu.be/mSzrPZ4Obw0
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nOxOfNjV3iQ&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Vocsknjnco&feature=youtu.be
——————————————

Date:21/8/2013

Place: Arbin of Damascus countryside

Description: videos show dozens of injured mostly from children, and health situation deterioration in medical points cause of siege imposed on Easter Ghouta towns by government forces and lack of medicals crews and equipment to aid them

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5iSZIbBnksc&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PXwS4_E3OQE&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QOBX45HdkyQ&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XiqKBJXYqBY&list=PL4QlSnoDjU9LrKBItyhhGn7-q7xjYavr_&index=24
——————————————-

Date: 21/8/2013

Place: Kafar Batna of Damascus countryside

Description: videos show dozens of injured mostly from children, and health situation deterioration in medical points cause of siege imposed on Easter Ghouta towns by government forces and lack of medicals crews and equipment to aid them

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CBDb0fI_pwE&bpctr=1377303348
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J_cxvCeVcu8&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z5Vby7TdnL8&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S7LGH4ykXYM&list=PL4QlSnoDjU9LrKBItyhhGn7-q7xjYavr_&index=58
————————————–

Date:21/8/2013

Place: Saqba of Damascus countryside

Description: videos show dozens of injured mostly from children, and health situation deterioration in medical points cause of siege imposed on Easter Ghouta towns by government forces and lack of medicals crews and equipment to aid them

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nRDkuRGNFiE&feature=youtu.be&bpctr=1377303590
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lwGdDYnAoWU
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AIi0cJZ2Yzk&feature=youtu.be
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_uGeEkyYoQw&feature=youtu.be
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-SOSz4tjBnI&feature=youtu.be
——————————————–

Date: 21/8/2013

Place: Doms of Damascus countryside

Description: videos show dozens of injured mostly from children, and health situation deterioration in medical points cause of siege imposed on Easter Ghouta towns by government forces and lack of medicals crews and equipment to aid them

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HNi1S9Cb-XI
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hfN8cHOHACY&feature=youtu.be
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eql1X4Xs8jQ&feature=youtu.be
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iU7pcFC8N7s
——————————————–

Photos of child injuries :

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBY2ZDb043Y3lmSmc/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBQWM1aE1VQ0JSaVU/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBLVdKYjVTUFVGeTA/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBeDlUNnVxQUdkdTA/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBd0IzUHF0ZFJ5VDA/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBcFBCRUtHNl9PbnM/edit?usp=sharing

Photos of injuries:

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBMTFRa1d1UnAwdDA/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBMVZWcV81c0JlN2c/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBSUMzNmREd2lzOVU/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBMHZBYzc2UkxqcjQ/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBaU1ESTRCNm53TW8/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBSnZMNV9jV0ZjcWc/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBQnZPMXhJWUVrVGM/edit?usp=sharing
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBWEtZajhyYk5ZZ0E/edit?usp=sharing

Third:  photos and videos of different kinds of animals that have killed cause of shelling

Date: 21/8/2013

Place: Moazameat Al-Sham of Damascus countryside

Description: group of birds died affected by chemical weapons’ shell in an area.

http://youtu.be/ctV802BptNg

Date: 22/8/2013

Place: Zamalka of Damascus countryside

Description: remnant of a chemical weapon missile in the region and a dead bird cause of chemical shelling, the video shows changing the color of the soil

http://youtu.be/Pc6xL-N6f5M

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kllhsgFrgN0&feature=youtu.be

Date: 22/8/2013

Place: Zamalka of Damascus countryside

Description: the death of sheep flock in a residential district cause of  chemical weapons shelling and the account of a citizen whose relatives killed in the massacre

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0rw31LO_2o8&feature=youtu.be

=================================

The death of sheep flock in a stockyard in Ghouta Sharqyia of Damascus countryside, cause of  chemical weapons shelling in 21/8/2013

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBQzc2UGxNRVBxdTA/edit?usp=sharing

The death of bird in Arbin of Damascus countryside cause of chemical weapon:

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBQzdwQWZ3Ry1HZ2M/edit?usp=sharing

The death of sheep flock in a resident nieghborhood in Zamalka of Damascus countryside, cause of  chemical weapons shelling in 21/8/2013

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBN1Zia3FFcmVrOG8/edit?usp=sharing

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBRkt5Z1FCTTNfRDg/edit?usp=sharing

Large number of Death chicken in Haza of Damascus countryside cause of chemical weapons shelling 21/8/2013:

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBaTJHd203dmhFWWM/edit?usp=sharing

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBaWRvaHZaVkFtT0E/edit?usp=sharing

Death sheep in Haza of Damascus countryside cause of chemical weapons shelling 21/8/2013:

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBTm5CTkVFQlBMZGc/edit?usp=sharing

Fourth: photos of missiles that used in shelling

 

Note the following: in this photo only the missile’s warhead explode, and that chemical materials exists only in the warhead, which contain small explosive that explode the missile’s warhead without destroying the rest of missile, in addition that there is no real distinctive mark as should be in the missiles, or it has been removed, missile manufacturing indicates that its traditional and not as in the case of states experts of  missiles industry, but there is a good expert in manufacture missiles, chemical containers and explosive, and subjected to previous experiences to verify the effectiveness and extend, and that appears cause of the large number of victims.

Date and Place: 22/8/2013, Haza of Damascus countryside

group of photos of a missile with loaded with chemical warhead fell behind building, there were 35 citizens there all killed

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBNFkwVU5KWnpHb28/edit?usp=sharing

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBVGc4RHFWYkJyMjg/edit?usp=sharing

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBUFZZMU05MlZNRGs/edit?usp=sharing

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBX0E1TnlYTXh3aVk/edit?usp=sharing

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBSHBFX2taSVZ2MVE/edit?usp=sharing

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBb0Y0amp5MXNNQ2s/edit?usp=sharing

Photo shows missile warhead loaded with chemical weapon and shelled Jobar neighborhood of Damascus, and serial number on

https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B9Bj18tlYYKBbjRrRWd1YS02Tjg/edit?usp=sharing

Video shows remains of  missile loaded with chemical warhead fall in Zamalka of Damascus countryside in 21/8/2013.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dR3Aa6jLtVQ&feature=youtu.be

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pc6xL-N6f5M&feature=youtu.be

Fifth: video and photos of the mass destruction in Eastern and Western Damascus countryside caused by that shelling:

More than odd missiles have been monitored, watched for the first time the night of shelling Eastern Ghouta towns with chemical weapons in 21/3/2013

http://youtu.be/_gLsKrB2PV8

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GUGrW-SjjbU&feature=youtu.be

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l96_ul_IhGY&feature=youtu.be

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c00e7Lqix0k&feature=youtu.be

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oGkZW-DzAQw&feature=youtu.be

——————————————–

Continuing artillery and missiles shelling on Eastern Ghouta towns right after shelling with chemical weapons in 21/8/2013:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lr3u96u7AFQ

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wh6jtywsJ4k

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hUB8Qfoi34o&feature=youtu.be

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yUd8cnX1y-U&feature=youtu.be

Continuing shelling on Moazamiat Alsham after shelling with chemical weapons in 21/8/2013:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a96F6kW0w7U&feature=youtu.be

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l7WmczMORJw&feature=youtu.be

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j9KjlQl755Q&feature=youtu.be

Relative conventions and rules:

GENEVA PROTOCOL

For the Prohibition of the Use of Asphyxiating, Poisoner Other Gases, and Bacteriological Methods of Warfare; 1925 agreement banning the use of chemical and biological weapons in war.

The Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC)

Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction

(Signed at London, Moscow and Washington on 10 April 1972.
Entered into force on 26 March 1975)

Chemical Weapons Convention

Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction

 (Signed at Paris and New York on January 13, 1993, Effective, April 29,1997)

The Syrian Government( pre-Baath rule ) has ratified the Protocol of 1925 , but Syria is not among the 189 countries signatory to the 1993 Convention on the prohibition of the development, production, Stockpiling and use of chemical weapons and on their destruction, using chemical weapons prohibited under international humanitarian law, even in armed conflict between armies either use against civilians it violates all standards set by the chemical weapons Convention.

 

Customary IHL:

Rule 74. The use of chemical weapons is prohibited.

Rule 76. The use of herbicides as a method of warfare is prohibited if they:

a) are of a nature to be prohibited chemical weapons;
b) are of a nature to be prohibited biological weapons;
c) are aimed at vegetation that is not a military objective;
d) would cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which may be expected to be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated; or
e) would cause widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment.

Legal conclusions:

1- Report concluded thorough research, checking with experts, doctors, accounts of survivors and dozens of eyewitnesses that Government forces with no doubt committed crime in shelling residential neighborhoods with chemical weapons, this is the 29th time that Syrian Government use chemical weapons in five provinces, which indicate the systematic methodology and widespread of those attacks and to the amount to crimes against humanity

2- Government forces violated rules 74-76 of Customary IHL, and considered that committed war crime.

Responsibility and Reparation

Rule 149. A State is responsible for violations of international humanitarian law attributable to it, including:

(a) violations committed by its organs, including its armed forces;
(b) violations committed by persons or entities it empowered to exercise elements of governmental authority;
(c) violations committed by persons or groups acting in fact on its instructions, or under its direction or control; and
(d) violations committed by private persons or groups which it acknowledges and adopts as its own conduct.

Rule 150. A State responsible for violations of international humanitarian law is required to make full reparation for the loss or injury caused

 

Recommendations:

Human right council:

1-     Serious attention of the case of using poisonous gases

2-     Call upon the security council and relevant organizations to take upon their responsibility towards this extremely serious matter

3-     Exert pressure on the Syrian government to stop using such type of internationally prohibited weapons

4-     Hold the allies and supporter of the Syrian government : Russia , Iran , China , moral and physical responsibility towards excesses of Syrian Regime in this regard

5-     Demands international weapons and institutions concerning mass destruction weapons to monitor closely developments in Syria and alert any potential breaches by Syrian Government

Security Council:

1-     Decision to refer all the criminals and the involved to ICC

2-     Warn the Syrian Government Troops of the percussions of using chemical gases on life’s future in Syrian and its impact on stability of civil peace and coexistence of people in the same society .

3-     Serious attention to the case and put it under continuously control and research

4-     Decision to enable investigation team to move freely in Syria to make sure of the allegation of the use of this weapons

5-     Demand form country technically capable to apply satellite monitoring on chemical weapons and its warehouse in Syria , and to warn if the Syrian Government start any procedure to use it

Arab League:

1-     Demand Human Right Council and United Nations to give this serious issue the right attention and follow up

2-     Serious attention of this case and give it high priority, and try to take care of family of poisonous gas victims

3-     Political and diplomatic pressure on the Syrian Government Troops’ main allies-Russia, Iran and China -to prevent Syrian Government to use poisonous gases , and prevent them from continuous providing cover, and international and political protection for all the crimes committed against the Syrian people and hold them moral and physical responsibility for all the excesses of the Syrian Government Troops

4-     Serious attention to the case and put it under continuously control and research

5-       Support local councils and families with protective equipment and precautionary means and medical materials to deal with such disaster if it occurs again

Author: Ali Al-Bassam

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