By: Jenilyn Brhel
Impunity Watch Reporter, Europe
ATHENS, Greece – The Greek parliament has passed a law making it easier for individuals to change their legally recognized genders, a move that has been met with strong support as well as vehement opposition.
The law passed with 171 votes in favor in the 300-member parliament. It allows Greek citizens over the age of 15 to change the gender listed on identification cards and official documents. This requires a court order but does not require medical tests or surgery. Applicants must not be married and are limited to changing their legal gender twice.
Prior to the law’s enactment, those wishing to change their genders were required to undergo gender reassignment surgery along with a psychiatric assessment. This was criticized by human rights groups and transgender activists as an “outdated and oppressive practice that violates individuals’ bodily integrity.”
In opposition to the law, some churches in the western Greek region rang funeral bells and claimed that “Christian morals have been murdered.”
Some believe that the bill is an attempt to distract the public’s attention away from Greece’s financial problems.
Others believe the minimum age is too young. Kyriakos Mitsotakis, leader of the New Democracy party, said “for us it is inconceivable to bar 15-year olds from consuming alcohol, yet enabling them to take such an important decision.”
Before the vote, Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras pleaded with lawmakers to support the law, saying that “we are on the side of those who have no voice, or whose voice is stifled.”
The transgender community sees the law as a positive step towards inclusion and hopes that it will foster greater acceptance in the largely conservative nation. The Transgender Support Association stated that the vote was historic and that it was a “first positive step toward enjoying basic rights and freedoms.”
In response to those opposed to the law, Prime Minister Tsipras said this: “Absolutely no tradition, no perception of family calls for people to be sidelined or tossed aside into a social and institutional abyss.”
Anna Kouroupou, a 24 year old female who underwent gender reassignment surgery at the age of 24, believes that the new law will help improve the daily lives of those who suffer in the transgender community. She believes that the new law will help people find jobs and “therefore they’ll have health care, all those rights that each person has from the minute they’re born.”
For more information, please see:
BBC News – Greek Parliament Approves Law Allowing Legal Gender Change – 10 October 2017
NBC News – Churches Ring Funeral Bells Over New Gender Rights Law – 16 October 2017
The New York Times – Greek Transgender Community Hopes New Law Will Improve Lives – 10 October 2017
Reuters – Greece Passes Sex Change Law Opposed by Orthodox Church – 10 October 2017
The Washington Post – Greek Transgender Community Hopes New Law Will Improve Lives – 10 October 2017